Top 10 Best Programming languages to Learn in 2020: Based on the Survey
Over the years, technology has modified our view of the world. Technology has created amazing tools and resources, takes all important information about people at their fingertips. Overall, Technology is intended to make our lives easier. Now, technologies change with the help of Programming languages, which is important to create software and applications that help computer and mobile users in daily life. In 2020 we all have some goals to achieve. As programmers, every developer wants to update themself according to new technologies and programming languages to achieve more success. In this article, we have Top 10 Best Programming languages to Learn in 2020 for you to get a better job and it will help in career growth.
Also, you see technology changes, the programming languages and developer communities are emerging at a faster rate than ever before. Thus, you need to know which languages are most popular, in trend according to technology among developers due to their high demand.
What Is Programming Language?
A programming language is a language used for giving instruction to the machine. It comprises a set of instructions used to produce various kinds of output. The instruction is given in the set of lines called the programme that implements specific algorithms.
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The programming language is the very way to tell the machine what you want it to do. It is a very specific instruction for a computer to do.
Best Programming Languages to Learn
Python is in the second position in the list of Best Programming languages in 2020. Python is an interpreted, user-friendly, high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.
The language continues to climb the ranks in the field of popular programming languages. According to the survey, Python was the world’s fastest-growing programming language.
In terms of the use, Python is the core programming language used for scientific computing, machine learning, AI and data mining.
Furthermore, Python has also a variety of applications like Java, that make it a versatile, robust option when choosing the best programming language.
It offers ‘meta-programming’ and ‘logic programming,’ as well as ‘magic methods.’ Here are some of them:
•Programs are small and therefore run much faster
•The program created in less code.
•Compiles native bytecode
•Easy to read and understand
•Is not supported across a wide variety of platforms
•Object-oriented programming is optional
Java is at the third position in the list of Best Programming languages in 2020. Java is a programming language and a platform. The speciality of this platform is, It is a high level, robust, object-oriented and secure programming language.
Platform: Any hardware or software environment in which a program runs, is known as a platform. Since Java has a runtime environment (JRE) and API, it is called a platform.
The technology assists you to work and play in a secure computing environment. Here are a few essential features which play an important role in the popularity of this language.
- Platform independent
- Architecture neutral
- High Performance
With the increase in the digital era, Mobile technologies, Java is also the basis for the Android operating system and known as the most essential language for developing Android apps. Highlighting the use of Java, approx 90 per cent of Fortune 500 companies using Java for building their applications.
According to Sun, 3 billion devices run Java and many devices where java is currently used i.e.
- Desktop Applications
- Web Applications
- Enterprise Applications.
- Embedded System
- Smart Card
- Games, etc.
Swift language is Built with LLVM compiler infrastructure, it was designed to provide compatibility with Cocoa and Objective-C.
And the interesting point is that previously Objective-C has always considered as the most preferred programming language for iOS app development. But, when Swift arrives, developers have been looking out for an alternative language to Objective-C.
C++ is a middle-level programming language. C++ is at the fifth position in the list. The language runs on a variety of platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS, and the various versions of UNIX. It has a wide range of uses and marked as a highly efficient and flexible language.
C++ will continue to remain in high demand due to its performance, reliability, and the wide variety of its use.
So, If you want to get a job with an excellent salary you should know about this language and use. There are many benefits to go with C++ some of them are listed below:
- Connects the features of both high level and low-level languages.
- The programmer can broken complex programs into simpler programs.
- C is highly portable.
- Efficiently work on enterprise applications, games, graphics, and applications requiring calculations.
- C language has a rich library that gives the number of built-in functions.
- Has dynamic memory allocation.
PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor, this language is designed for Web development. It is a server-side scripting language. According to the survey, PHP is the also very popular language, when we talk about Web development. About 75 per cent of websites use PHP.
Social Media Giant Facebook, Wikipedia- tells us everything, Yahoo, and Photobucket is all built-in PHP. Even the famous or popular blogging platform WordPress runs on PHP.
So, the PHP is the widely-used open-source, scripting language, can be embedded into HTML.
While considering the interaction with MySQL database, Single HTML can’t handle it, So many developers use PHP in order either to add functions with MySQL databases.
Ruby, the language comes on 7 positions in the list of Best Programming languages to learn in 2020 while considering the use and popularity. It is a scripting language and runs on a variety of platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS, and the various versions of UNIX.
Ruby is famous among tech startups. Here are some of the most highlighted features of the Ruby:
- General-purpose programming language
- Beautiful syntax
- Need less code
R is a programming language used by data scientists for statistics, graphic representation and data analysis. So, we all know the importance of Data Scientists, there is a wide Scope and Career Opportunities.
If you are thinking to become a data scientist, go for it. Data Scientist is one of the hottest and trending career options.
Note* The R language is used among statisticians and data miners in order to develop statistical software and data analysis.
Comparing with Java, Scala can rewrite the Java code. Also, Its code can be compiled to run on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
Furthermore, Famous platforms like Linkedin and Twitter uses Scala. Considering the reports of StackOverflow’s, It says Scala ranks high in salary surveys.
Furthermore, it is mainly used for web development and if you want to learn this language, it is good to go. You will get well-paid jobs by learning this language.